More Anglo-Saxon pence of this period have been found in Denmark than in England.Denmark was largely consolidated by the late 8th century and its rulers are consistently referred to in Frankish sources as kings (reges).The Danish Vikings were most active in the eastern and southern British Isles and Western Europe.They conquered and settled parts of England (known as the Danelaw) under King Sweyn Forkbeard in 1013, and France where Danes and Norwegians founded Normandy with Rollo as head of state.It establishes a constitutional monarchy organised as a parliamentary democracy.The government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nation's capital, largest city and main commercial centre.
Denmark has an area of 42,924 km Denmark, Sweden and Norway were ruled together under the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523.
Denmark and Norway remained under the same monarch until outside forces dissolved the union in 1814.
The union with Norway made it possible for Denmark to inherit the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Iceland.
The Jutes migrated to Great Britain eventually, some as mercenaries by Brythonic King Vortigern, and were granted the south-eastern territories of Kent, the Isle of Wight and other areas, where they settled.
They were later absorbed or ethnically cleansed by the invading Angles and Saxons, who formed the Anglo-Saxons.
An industrialised exporter of agricultural produce in the second half of the 19th century, Denmark introduced social and labour-market reforms in the early 20th century that created the basis for the present welfare state model with a highly developed mixed economy.