Also, it is impossible to understand what happened in South Africa (the 'small picture') unless we understand what happened in international relations (the 'big picture') towards the end of the 1980s.During the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, world politics was dominated by the rivalry between the Soviet Union (Russia) and the United States of America. The content of the new history curriculum is structured to help us to understand the interaction between the world, the African continent and South Africa.Introduction It is important to note that South African events do not occur in a vacuum, as we are part of a large continent and a much larger world.Therefore, what happens in the ' North' has a huge impact on what happens here.Civil society consists of voluntary civic and social organizations and institutions.
Communism had become a popular ideology among poor people all over the world.
The capitalist governments of America and Western Europe regarded communism as a threat, and eradicated it wherever they could. This has been criticized, as the United States supported any capitalist country even if it had a dictatorial government.
The USA was strongly opposed to the Soviet Union expanding its control in Europe and other parts of the world. Countries all over the world took sides with either Russia or America.
Therefore, the USA and Russia fought each other in what became known as a Cold War.
Their rivalry was called the Cold War because it was not a war fought on a battlefield.
Civil society groups consist of ordinary people who take collective action around shared aims, interests and values.