Thirdly, the research revealed that individuals who have an addictive personality are more likely to be the victims of romance scams.Whitty suggests that people get involved in scams because they become addicted to the scam itself.Psychological Factors Affecting the Likelihood of Being Scammed Firstly, Whitty found that the respondents who scored high on impulsivity were more likely to be the victims of scams.One of the tactics employed by the scammer is the creation of a sense of urgency to respond to their request (e.g.Secondly, respondents who scored high on trust in others were more likely to be the victims of dating scams.This really speaks for itself in that trusting and possibly even gullible people are more likely to be victims of dating scams.
In addition to the promise of a great relationship, the victims of romance scams are often promised wealth.
Those who score highly on measures of addiction find it more difficult to ‘walk away’ from the scammer and the scam once it has started, and surprisingly sometimes even when they are informed by the authorities that they have been scammed.
The explanation is that the scam victims are similar to gamblers in that they get caught up in the process, perceiving it as a ‘near win’ situation.
Finally, there was no difference between those who reported they had high knowledge of cybersecurity compared to those who reported they knew little.
However, knowledge of cybersecurity was measured with only one item, which may not have been sensitive enough to detect any real difference in this. Overall then it seems that impulsive and trusting people with addictive personalities are more likely to become victims of scams.
From these there were 200 who had been scammed via a romance scam.